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A-10 Thunderbolt

The A-10 Thunderbolt II is an American 2-engine attack aircraft specially developed for ground attacks against armored vehicles including tanks.
The A-10 is standard equipped with a 30mm canon under the nose and can be armored with air-to-ground missiles, general purpose & cluster bombs and precision bombs. The secondary role is the delivery of support during SAR operations and Special Forces operations.

The A-10 has a large actioradius (800 miles) and a short land, take-off capacity.
There have been manufactured 707 airplanes where of 393 still in service with the US Air Force, 97 with the US Air Reserve and 192 with the US Air National Guard. From 2005 till 2009 they have been updated called: the "Precision Engagement upgrade". More about this see beneath.
The aircraft is in service since 1972. Thanks to a lot off updates the A-10 will stay in service with the USAF till 2028. The A-10's are stationed on air force bases in the United States, in South-Korea, in Alaska, in Germany and in Kuwait.

The A-10 from the USAF have been used insensitive during Operation Dessert Storm, Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom and to support NATO forces in Allied Force during the Kosovo crisis.

One characteristic is the 30mm GAU-8/A Gatling Gun which is mounted beneath the nose of the aircraft. This gun can fire up to 3900 rounds a minute and is able to shoot trough armored vehicles like tanks. Other armoring can be mounted under the wings like electronic jamming systems, self-defense systems and bombs like the AGM-65 Maverick and the AIM-9 Sidewinder.
In frame of the (Precision Engagement) project from Lockheed Martin the A-10 will be soon be able to have the opportunity over 2 new precision weapons: JDAM from Boeing and WCMD from Lockheed Martin.

The pilots and also the aircraft control systems are protected by titanium armoring. The aircraft can resists direct hits and explosives till 23mm guns.

Some avionic systems are: Night vision goggles, usual communication and navigation systems, fire and control systems, target penetration assistant. A GPS system version for the A-10 is also in development. The aircraft has control panels and infrared and electronic countermeasure systems to jam surface-to-air missiles.

Lockheed martin is still busy with the PE project (costs: 74 million dollars) to update all A-10 thunderbolts. For the project the USAF has 13 aircraft given to Lockheed inclusive a test aircraft. With this update the A-10 Thunderbolt gets:
the opportunity to carry 2 new weapons, new cockpit displays and the opportunity to use the litening targeting pod from Northrop Grumman or the Sniper XR targeting pod from Lockheed Martin. For March 2005 Lockheed expects that the United States Air Force will awarded a contract for the production of 13 aircraft and maybe after that a contract for all the 356 A-10 thunderbolts. When that is going to happen all A-10's will be updated with the packets at Hill Air Force Base. A update of one A-10 with a packets takes 45 days. Once all A-10's have been updated they will get the code name A-10C.

In July 2007, Boeing was awarded with a 2 billion contract for the delivery of 242 new wing kits for the A-10's. The USAF expects to keep them in service till 2018.


Design organisation Fairchild Republic Co.
Main secundary design organisations General Electric
Production organisaton  
Primary task Close air support, Airborne Forward Air Control, Combat Search and Rescue
Type aircraft Attack airplane
Length 53 feet, 4 inches (16.16 meters)
Height 14 feet, 8 inches (4.42 meters)
Wingspan 57 feet, 6 inches (17.42 meters)
Wing surface  
Aspect ratio  
Sweep back  
Engines 2x General Electric TF34-GE-100 turbofans
Thrust 9065 pounds each engine
Weight (empty)  
Weight (start, maximum, MTOW) 51,000 pounds (22.950 kgs)
Weight (landing, maximum, MLW)  
Required runway length (start)  
Required runway length (landing)  
Cruise speed  
Maximum speed 833.4 km/h / 450 Nm/hr / Mach 0.75
Ceiling 45,000 ft (13.636 meters)
Maximum range 2240 Nm, 4148kms
Fuel capacity 11,000 pounds (7257 kgs)
Air-to-air-refueling capability No
Passengers None
Payload None
Armament Possible combination of:

- 1x GAU-8/A 7-barrel gatling gun
- Mk82 bombs
- Mk84 bombs
- cluster bombs
- mine dispensing munitie
- AGM-65/B/D/G/H/K Maverick
- AIM-9 Sidewinder
- Infrarood countermeasure flares
- Illumination flares
- Electronic countermeasure chaff
- Jammer pods
- 2.75 inch rockets
- LITENING and Sniper advanced targeting pod
Maximum weapon load 16,000 pounds (7257 kgs)
Maximum G resistance  
Radar none
Avionics Possible combination of:

- Night Vision Imaging System
- Inertial Navigation System
- GPS navigation system
- Ground-collision warning system
- Moving map display (A-10C)
- Improved fire control system (A-10C)
- Hands on throttle and stick (A-10C)
- Digital Stores management (A-10C)
- Situational Awareness Data Link (SADL) (A-10C)
- Variable Message Format (VMF) (A-10C)
- GPS guided weapons (A-10C)
- Upgraded DC power (A-10C)
Type flight controls  
Landing gear  
Versions A-10C
Manufactured 713
Crew 1
Costs 9.8 milion dollar
Overall flight hours  
First flight May 1972
First delivery October 1975
Operational since A-10A: 1977
A-10C: 2007
Successor of n.a.
Replaced by n.a.
Comparable aircraft Su-25,
Operators (current and future) Only United States
Main operators USAF: 143 x A-10 en 70 x OA-10
US Reserve: 46 x A-10 en 6 x OA-10
Air National Guard: 84 x A-10 en 18 x OA-10
Operational usage Desert Storm, Southern Watch, Provide Comfort, Desert Fox, Noble Anvil, Deny Flight, Deliberate Guard, Allied Force, Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom
Amphibious usage No
Status In operational service

A-10 A-10C Strafing gun Belly landing
Dutch Air Force days AGM missile   ILA 2006 Berlin
Taxing A-10C A-10C  
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Last updated: 25 July 2014