The F-16 is a from origin light-weight 1-engine fighter jet which is updated
into a multi-role aircraft for operations world wide. There have been
designed more than 110 variants which are in service in 24 countries.
The F-16 is a relative cheap fighter jet but is capable for a large variety
of missions with a large weapon arsenal. It is a attractive fighter jet
for countries with a low /medium defence budget but also for the military
super powers. The F-16 can be equipped with; air-to-air missiles like
Sidewinder and the AIM-120
AMRAAM, laser guided air-to-ground missiles like the AGM-65
Maverick, precision ammunition like the
JDAM, general purpose bombs like Mk82 and Mk84, cruise missiles, advanced
reconnaissance and targeting pods and external fuel tanks. A unknown
US and foreign F-16's are capable of launching missiles with a nuclear
In 1972 General Dynamics and Northrop had order to develop a new fighter
jet for the USAF. They developed 2 prototypes: the YF-16 respectively
YF-17. In 1976 the USAF have chosen for the YF-16 from General Dynamics
because it was lighter and less expensive then the YF-17. Given that the
USAF had also F-15's they have chosen to develop the F-16 for air-to-air
and air-to-surface missions and the F-15 only for air-to-air missions.
All F-16's are being build in blocks. A block is a milestone for a new
configuration F-16. In a block there are subblobks called "miniblocks".
The difference between a block designation which ends with a 2, designates
the F-16 has a engine from Pratt & Whitney and a F-16 with 0 signifies
the F-16 has an engine from General Electric (like the block 50 en block
The F-16 is a multi-role fighter jet which exceeds all other fighter jets
with combat radius (the distance to fly to enter a air combat, fight and
return home). The F-16 can detect targets and low flying aircraft day
and night in all weather conditions.
In an air-to surface role the F-16 can fly about 860 kilometers, fire
his bombs with superior accuracy, defend itself's against enemy aircraft
and return to his start point. Of course the pilot doesn't has to see
the enemy visual to hit him.
F-16 USAF / General
secundary design organisations
Pratt & Whitney
generation fighter jet
aircraft with fly-by-wire controlsystem, Many operators
meters (49,3 ft)
meters (16,7 ft)
meters (32,8 ft)
m2 (300 sq ft)
and Whitney F100-PW-200/220/229 of
1x General Electric F110-GE-100/129
F110-GE-129: 29,500 lb
kgs (20,300 lb)
(start, maximum, MTOW)
kgs (48,000 lb)
(landing, maximum, MLW)
runway length (start)
runway length (landing)
15 km (50,000 ft)
(1740 n mi )
kg (7000 pond)
Capability for external fuel tanks
States (Air Force, Air National Guard, Air Reserve, Navy), Bahrain,
Chili, Belgium, Denmark, Egypt, Geece, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Israel,
Italy, Jordan, Marokko, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Poland,
Portugal, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Venezuela, United Arabian
States Air Force, Israel, Turkey
More than 4000 F-16's are in service with 24 countries in 110 different
version. The main user of the F-16 is the United States
(1). The country with the largest F-16 fleet outside the US
is Israel (2). The four EPAF countries
who developed the Midlife update for the F-16 are the Netherlands (3),
Belgium (4), Norway
and later also Portugal (7). Other
users of the F-16 are Italy (8),
Greece(9), Poland (10),
Turkey (11), Chile(12),
Jordan (13), Egypt(14),
India (15), Pakistan (16)
,Taiwan (17) and Morocco (18).
The first F-16A in the United States Air Force (USAF)
was used since 1976 and operational in 1979. There have been manufactured
2216 F-16's for the USAF. They will be replaced by the F-35A
Lightning II. The last F-16 was delivered to the Air Force on 18 march
The F-16 is also in service with the United States Navy. All F-16s which
were delivered since november 1981 have structural built-in wiring systems
and provisions to get the multi-role flexibility for precision strike,
night attack en beyond-visual-range interception missions. These aircraft
are assigned to the Naval Strike and Air Warfare Center (Top Gun) located
at NAS Fallon, Nevada.
2006 On June 8, 2006, 2 American F-16s from the US Air Force bombed
the house with the most terrorist in Iraq Al-Zarqawi inside with precision
guided missiles. Al-Zarqawi died after it.
In March 2011 US F-16CJ´s were used in combat operations in Libya
as part of a coalition to maintain the UN resolution 1973.
American F-16's which are
now in service with
- the United States Air Force (590x F-16C
and 130x F-16D)
- the United States Air National Guard (60x F-16C and 10x F-16D)
- the United States Air National Reserve (438x F-16C and 40x F-16D)
- the United States Navy (inventory unknown)
The United States Air Force has according to official
sources, some 1269 F-16 fighter jets at the moment.
Picture 1: 2 American F-16's fly
armored for a mission above Iraq
Picture 2: F-16 as an aggressor
Picture 3: Heavy armored F-16 flies above Afghanistan
De Israeli Air Force has since 1980 over F-16's
die word en rebuilt or anvils- en condescending. Al nab en jar daft zee
warden gloved verde Israelis F-16's animalisms quit op en Rake nuclear
reactor die complete weird oversetting.
Took tide Operation Peace for the Galilee beelike Israel luc ht dominant
door 40 Service ligaturing never Ute ha len.
the Netherlands During the 70's, the Netherlands bought 237 F-16's. In 2014 only
68 F-16AM / BM's were still operational. The F-16's are stationed on Volkel
Air Force Base and Leeuwarden Air Force Base and flown by 5 operational
squadrons. Dutch F-16's are also stationed in Tucson, USA to train new
pilots. The fleet of F-16's will be replaced by 39 F-35A
15 Dutch F-16's Air Field attack 2009
The first F-16 was delivered in 1979 (block 1-5). After that there have
been bought more, or they are converted to block 20-25. The Block 25 F-16's
are capable to carry AMRAAM missiles and performing precision ground attack.
Besides, they have a improved radar; the Westinghouse (AN/APG-68). This
has an improved range, better resolution and the ability to operate in
different modes. In the Netherlands the F-16's have been adjusted to also
operate as a bomber.
Since the defence cuts in 2011, the Royal Netherlands Air Force had the
decrease the number of F-16's from 87 to 68 F-16AM's and a few F-16BM's
in operational service. The operational squadrons shrank from 5 to 4 (
one squadron was cut at Volkel AFB).
In 2013 RNLAF F-16's reached 10 years ongoing deployment in Afghanistan.
On december 16th, 2005, 18 Dutch F-16's have been sold to Chili which
were delivered between 2006 and 2007.
On September 16th, 2008 the Dutch government decided that 18 F-16's will
- On thursday, august 31 2006 a Dutch F-16 crashed in Afghanistan in the
region of Ghazni. The 29-year pilot died. The RNLAF never gave any further
information about the cause, but it is assumed that the F-16 was not shut
down by enemy fire.
- On friday, June 15th 2007, a RNLAF F-16AM was almost crashed
on the Dutch air show during take off. The engine compressor stalled (due
to a bird strike). The F-16 dropped 2 fuel tanks in the neighborhood of
Volkel AFB and then landed safely.
Midlife Update project (Mlu)
The Royal Netherlands air force started in 1998 with the modernization
of the F-16's in the project called Midlife Update project. The need of
the modification came on initiative of the Belgium Air Force. Together
with the air forces of Belgium, Denmark and Norway the RNLAF started the
Mlu project. Since Mlu these 4 air forces are called the "European
Participating Air Forces" (EPAF). The need of the Mlu was that European
F-16's fly in whole other climatic conditions than the USAF F-16's. (the
F-16 is also developed at the climatic conditions in the US). These European
F-16's had more maintenance also causes by low-flying.
Modernization Peacer Amstel
In 2003 all Dutch F-16's were getting a new modernization because the
successor will come operational around 2020. Due to this the F-16's will
be updated to be able to fly in the RNLAF till 2020. The modernization
is called Peacer Amstel and will be done by the Fokker company near Woensdrecht
Air Force Base. They will also get new computer software called M3. The
most important of the M3 is that they are capable with Link 16. In 2008
all Dutch F-16 must be completed. Then there will be around 1000 F-16's
in the NATO (400 in the EU and 600 in the USA) which are capable with
Link 16. Around June 2006 the first Dutch F-16s have been updated with
the new M4 Software.
Low flying on Goose-Bay
Low flying was meant to fly beneath the range of enemy radartoaag vliegen
was bedoeld om onder het bereik van vijandelijke radar te vliegen en werd
beoefend op Goose-bay in Canada. Dit laagvliegen is overigens afgeschaft
dus alle reclames van de luchtmacht hierover zijn niet meer van toepassing!!!
De reden is dat met de komst van high-tech precisie wapens straaljagers
vanaf hoge hoogte doelen tot op 1 of 2 meter nauwkeurig kunnen bombarderen.
Veelal worden dit soort wapens op de grond nog eens naar hun doel geleidt
door special forces. Deze tactiek wordt al veelvuldig toegepast door de
Verenigde Staten met name in Afghanistan.
Dutch F-16 Missions
Between 1993 and 2001 Dutch F-16's were stationed on Villafranca AFB and
Amendola AFB as part of NATO operations above Bosnia. Here for the Dutch
F-16's formed a unit asame with F-16's from the Belgium Air Force. They
were used for photo reconnaissance and the operations: Deliberate Force
and Allied Force. Both were NATO operations.The first one was against
Bosnia-Servisch targets and Allied force was around Kosovo. The Netherlands
flew more than 1300 missions and have shot one MiG-29 down. Besides they
have bombed a lot of air force bases and buildings.
- After a request of the United States of America for Close Air Support
for US Special Force, Dutch F-16's and a KDC-10 were send to Afghanistan
in 2002 as part of Operation Enduring Freedom. Here for the F-16's were
stationed on Manas AFB in Kirgizstan. They were part of a unit of 18 F-16's:
6 from The Netherlands, 6 from Norway and 6 from Denmark.
- On the first of april 2005 4 Dutch F-16 fighter jets from the Royal
Netherlands Air Force will be stationed in Afghanistan for the ISAF mission.
The 4 fighter jets will be used for reconnaissance, air support and to
show dominating power (show of force).
- From 1 april 2005 till 30 June 4 Dutch F-16's will be stationed on Siauliai
Airport in Lithuania.The Netherlands which are NATO-member takes responsibility
of the Quick Reaction Alert-(QRA)-task. This is also called a Air-Policing
task. These policing task is to control the airspace above the 3 Baltic
countries Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. These countries don't have fighter
jets yet. NATO countries - where of The Netherlands - control the NATO
airspace in peace time 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year.
This is to intercept unknown or shady airplanes. This is coordinated by
CAOC2 in Kalkar.
- On sunday the 3rd of july, 3 Dutch F-16's have been send to Aruba to
search for the American girl
Natalee Holloway. With infra-red camera's the NL F-16 fighter jets will
seek the iceland and the ocean.
- Dutch F-16 are still in Afghanistan as part of Operation Enduring Freedom.
- On March 24, 2011, 6 F-16's from Leeuwarden AFB were send to
Italy to take part in the mission which maintains the UN resolution 1973
in Libya. The F-16's will be operational for 3 months.
Belgium has 72 F-16AM/BM's which are stationed on
Kleine-Brögel Air Force Base and Florence AFB. These fighters have
been used in Bosnia during Operation Allied Force. They were stationed
- just as the Dutch F-16's for many years on Villafranca Air Force Base
2004 some Belgium F-16 have been send to Letland to do surveillance missions
above the new NATO frontiers. This caused a political frustrating in Moscow.
(The new NATO countries do not have jets for this. One of the main missions
in a NATO air force is to protect the NATO frontiers.
On September 1st 2008, 4 Belgium F-16's were send to Afghanistan to support
NATO ground forces. The operations will be 4 months with possible 2 months
In March 2011, 6 F-16´s were send to Greece to take part in the
coalition mission in Libya.
In 2014, the US DoD announced that it approved a Belgian request for upgrading
the Belgian F-16's Block 15 with OFP S1, M5 and M6 (Ref. 12). The upgrade
- 69 LN-260 Embedded Global Positioning System-Inertial Navigation Systems
- 8 Remote Operated Video Enhanced Receivers IV (ROVER IV)
- 62 AN/APX-125 Transceivers (AN/APX-125 Air Identification Friend of
- 32 KIV-78s,
- 1 Joint Mission Planning System (JMPS)
- 4 BRU-61/A Carriage Systems
- 43 AN/ARC-210(V) RT-1990(C) Ultra High Frequency/Very High Frequency
(UHF/VHF) Receiver Transmitters.
The extimated cost is $113 million.
the year of 2003 or 2004 2 Belgium F-16's from Kleine-Brögel Air
Force base crashed. One pilot was killed.
Norway has 57 F-16AM and F-16BM fighter jets.
The Air Force of Denmark has F-16A/B MLU fighter
Portugal joined the Midlife update from the EPAF
countries to update their
The Italian Air Force had at least 34 F-16 Block
15 ADF (Air Defence Fighter) aircraft which have been leased from the
US Air Force. As of 2014, they are out of service.
Greece Hellenic Air Force has F-16C and F-16D fighter
2005 Greece has ordered 40 more new F-16C and F-16D block 52+ fighter
jets for amount of 3.1 billion dollar. These extra fighter jets will replace
the A-7 Corsair and another type fighter jet in service with the Greece
Hellenic Air Force in the near future.
In 2011, Iraq ordered 18 F-16's, followed by a second
order in 2012 for 18 F-16's. The F-16's are bought via FMS. The first
F-16 was delivered in June 2014.
By the Peace Puma program from the Air Force of
Chili, the country has bought 10 new advanced Block 50 F-16's. There of
are 6 F-16C single-seaters and 4 F-16D double seaters. The first manufactured
F-16 is new used for test flying, the second en third are to train the
technicians for aircraft maintenance. The aircraft will be directly flown
to Chili. Delivering of all the 10 F-16's is scheduled for 2006.
On 16 december 2005, 18 F-16's from the Royal Netherlands
Air Force have been sold to Chili. They will be delivered to Chili in
1006 and 2007.
When Jordan wrote a peace contract with Israel the
United States agree with the delivery of F-16's to Jordan. Jordan is coming
more on line with Western countries. Due to this Jordan gets more problem
with ethnic groups and terrorism.
Jordan has since 2004 the F-16. They are former USAF F-16 which where
stored somewhere in the US and were not used any more. They are F-16 from
the type Block 15 OCU. They were one of the first in de US but for Jordan
the F-16 is a modern weapons to replace old F-104 and F-5. They get a
few improvements like a new engine. They will also be updated with the
Midlife project. After mlu update they will be comparable with the F-16
block 50. The F-16's are stationed on Muafaq Al-Salti Air Base in the
East of Jordan.
In 1980 the Egyptian ordered 42 F-16'
and placed 5 more orders with a total of up to 240 F-16's.
In March 2010, Egypt placed an order for the delivery of 20 F-16's Block
52, of which 16 F-16C's and 4 F-16D's.
One Egypt Air Force F-16 crashed during exercise Bright Star 2005.
There is a opportunity that India will buy 100 or more F-16's.
The US have honored Pakistan with the support against the International
Terrorism in Afghanistan with a sale of 288 F-16's.
January 2008, Lockheed-Martin said it had received a contract from Pakistan
for the delivery of 18 F-16's.
In 1992 Taiwan has awarded a contract of 150 F-16's.
Medio december 2007 the United States State department allowed Lockheed-Martin
to sell F-16's to Morocco. Morocco has ordered 24 F-16C/D Block 50/52
with arms for a price of approximately 2.4 billion dollars. Earlier, Morocco
also ordered advanced 4th-generation Rafale
fighter jets in France.
The South-Korean Air Force has a fleet of 169 F-16's.
United Arabian Emirates
The United Arabian Emirates Air Force (UAEAF) had the newest version of
the F-16; the F-16E (single seater) and F-16F (double seater) Block 60.