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F-22A Raptor

The F-22A Raptor is a 5th generation stealth air dominance fighter jet, developed by the American company Lockheed Martin for the United States Air Force. It has been build to replace the entire fleet of F-117 Nighthawk and some part of the F-15C fleet. In 2012 the last F-22 of 195 has been delivered to the USAF.
It will take over the role of the F-15C (air superiority) with the addition of air dominance. Its advanced technology in combination with stealth, supercruise, maneuverability and very advanced avionics make it the most modern fighter aircraft in the world. Supercruise means it can fly faster than the speed of sound without using its afterburner. The F-22 can reach speeds up to mach 1.5 without the afterburner. It is powered by 2 turbofan engines with afterburner (Pratt & Whitney F119-PW-100) which can produce together more than 70.000 pounds. These are the most powerful operational combat aircraft engines in the world. The exact thrust is secret, which result also in an unknown maximum speed. The F-22 can perform air-to-air and air-to-surface missions with guided and unguided ammunitions.

Operators
The F-22 is only in service with the United States (Air Force).


Operator Ordered First delivery Last delivery
United States 195 1997 2012

In November 2009, Lockheed-Martin reported that it had delivered the 147th F-22 Raptor to the US Air Force.


Technical
The F-22A Raptor can fly faster than the F-117 and be able to fly supersonic without using the afterburner. This takes care that he's a lot of more difficult to detect by enemy radar because they can't see the intense afterburner. He can also turn the engine vertical. The maximum height is about 15 Km. The F-22 costs are around the 225 million dollar, each aircraft.
 

Weapons
The F-22 raptor carries it's normal weaponload internal. This is a great advantage because it will not affect the aircraft's performance were it does by other fighter jet has. Where the F-117 could not fly supersonic the F-22 does, and also with the supercruise capacity. The internal weaponload required new technology for dropping systems when the F-22 flies supersonic and launches missiles or dropping bombs.

The F-22 Raptor can be equipped with air-to-air missiles (AIM-9 Sidewinders and AIM-120C (AMRAAM) and air-to-surface ammunitions (1000 pound Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM)). For self-defence the F-22 has a 20mm Gatling gun board canon.

Specifications

General  
Designation F-22 Raptor (before F/A-22)
Prototype YF-22
Project name Advanced Tactical Fighter
Design organisation Lockheed Martin
Main secundary design organisations Boeing, Pratt & Whitney
Production organisaton Lockheed Martin, Marietta, Georgia, USA
Primary task Air dominance
Type aircraft 5th generation stealth fighter jet
Specials Supercruise
Length 62 ft. 1 in. (18.9 meters)
Height 16 ft. 8 in. (5.1 meters)
Wingspan 44 ft. 6 in. (13.6 meters)
Wing surface 78.04 square meters
Aspect ratio  
Sweep back  
Dihedral  
Performance  
Engines 2 Pratt & Whitney F119-PW-100 turbofan engines with after burner and 2-dimensional thrust vectoring control nozzles
Thrust > 35.000 pounds each engine
Weight (empty) 19.700 kgs
Weight (start, maximum, MTOW) 83,500 pounds (38.000 kgs)
Weight (landing, maximum, MLW)  
Required runway length (start)  
Required runway length (landing)  
Cruise speed  
Maximum speed > Mach 2. Can fly > Mach 1.5 without using afterburner
Ceiling > 15 km height
Maximum range > 1600nm with 2 external fuel tanks
Fuel capacity 8200 kgs
Air-to-air-refueling capability Yes
Passengers none
Payload none
Equipment  
Armament Possible combination of:

- 1 standard M61A2 20mm boardcanon
- AIM-9 Sidewinder
- AIM-120 AMRAAM
- GBU-32 JDAM
- GBU-39 SDB
Maximum weapon load  
Maximum G resistance -3 / > +9
Radar AN/APG-77 (AESA)
Sensors AN/ALR-94
Avionics AN/AAR-56
Type flight controls  
Landing gear  
Usage  
Versions F-22A
Manufactured 195 of which 8 for test purposes
Crew 1
Costs 120 million dollars
Overall flight hours  
First flight YF-22: 1990 
F-22: 1997
First delivery  
Operational since december 2005
Successor of F-15A, F-15C, F-117
Replaced by n.a. 
Comparable aircraft  
Operators (current and future) only United States Air Force
Main operators United States Air Force (183x)
Amphibious usage No
Status out of production, in operational service




Photo's

2 F-22's F-22 Right bank
Multiple F-22's Take-off  
 
 




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Last updated: 2 August 2014